Wednesday Malayalam: Virus, Collective Action for Collective Problems

Wooo, socialism! And more importantly, wooo-multi-starrer-style-films-to-tell-large-stories! Everything I hated about Mission Mangal and it’s whole “one man guiding the little women”, this film got right.

There are three creative options when telling a large historical story. Option one is to make it all about the one person who was most fully involved, the biopic option. The downside is when we watch Asoka, we don’t learn about the life of the average farmer he we might have more in common with, we just watch Asoka and see all those very important things he did. So then there is option two, focus on a pleasant average relatable character and how all these events affected this one person. The downside is, when we watch Bharat we have to keep pulling open wikipedia, or listening to awkward voice overs, to give us the context necessary to understand what is happening to this average person. And then there is the third option, follow multiple characters so you see the big historical movements from multiple directions. The downside here is, you have quickly introduce and get the audience interested in half a dozen people. All three options are valid and can give great results in terms of an emotionally stirring final product, but the third option (if done well) is the one that gives you the most accurate view of major historical, because major events involve multiple people. This film went for the third option and handled it perfectly.

Image result for virus malayalam movie poster"

I have to admit, I watched this movie while mildly ill myself. So I wasn’t able to follow the whole thing, simply because I had to keep blowing my nose and also falling asleep and then having to rewind. But I was still able to enjoy it, THAT is how well-constructed the film was. Let’s say I didn’t fully understand Asif Ali’s character’s introduction. Doesn’t matter! The next time we saw him, his performance was so good, and the dialogue so well-written, that I could follow the meaning of that scene, on its own, without needing to go back and try to understand his first scene. Each sequence by itself tells a complete story. And the patchwork of all those little stories tells the full story.

This is what history is. Each person has their own small piece of what happened, and the mass of those stories put together is reality. This is how the best history books are written, jumping from place to place and person to person and fitting it all together for us. But in a book, you can take as long as you need and go back as far as you want to establish who these people are. In a film, you need the character to appear before is fully formed and clear in the first second of their presence. Or else they aren’t really people, they are just types like “soldier” or “nurse” or “farmer”.

How do you get the characters to appear fully formed and clear? Step one is a very good script. This script was written by Muhsin Parari, who started as a director before moving into writing. His first film as a scriptwriter was Sudani from Nigeria, something totally different but equally good. Before that, he was a lyricist for a complex hip-hop album and directed the related videos. So this is someone who sees stories in many ways, visually, lyrically, and structurally.

Step two is the actors. You need someone with enormous skill and talent to be able to take a 5 minute role and have an impact. This film, because of the subject area and the respect the filmmakers had in the industry and the general willingness to take small roles on the part of the Malayalam artists, has an amazing cast. Every role, especially the smallest roles, has a great performer. Soubin Shahir, amazing talent, doesn’t even show up until an hour from the end of the film and has just a handful of scenes. But those scenes are extremely important, with a less talented and less experienced actor the audience would not have fully grasped their meaning.

And step three is the director. Tell a large story, with small strokes. Each individual moment is interesting and complete by itself. But if you add them all together, they mean something, a story appears. Aashiq Abu hasn’t made a film based on a real story before, or a film this complex. What he has done is make movies that give you a strong sense of place, whether that is a woman’s prison or the Malayalam film industry. His camera moves through space, finding the stories he cares about without losing track of the space that surrounds them. This film is the culmination of that, he takes his previous movies with the stories of one central POV character and their life within a larger world, and makes them small. Creates a series of short stories of different characters who exist in the same world and how they are together.

There’s a meaning to showing a story this way. Back in the 1950s-60s, western historiography went through a revolt against the “Great Man” view of history. By the old way of talking, history was about memorizing the life stories of single Great Men who changed everything. This new way gives value to everyone involved, the simple housewife who helped popularize radio was as important as the man who invented it. This film believes in that, believes in society of collective action. The health department administrators, the nurses in the hospitals, the men on the street, the survive by working together as equals and doing their best.

In some situations, that concept of people helping people can be arguable as the best way to view a true story. For instance, if I want to make a historical film about Norman Borlaug who invented dwarf wheat, I’m mostly just going to be talking about Norman Borlaug. But if I am making a film specifically about the health crisis and containment of a potential epidemic, the reality is that is a story which MUST be told about collective action. It is a situation that only works through collective action, through a sense of society as an interconnected web of people working together for mutual success.

Image result for norman borlaug
Why hasn’t there been a film about Norman Borlaug?


How do you survive a virus that has no cure? Through people. This is the reality of human history. Before there were magical drugs, there was backbreaking human labor. This is what “nursing” used to be, the one woman of the area who would volunteer to be alone with the sick person (saving everyone else from contagion), keep the sick person clean and fed, and keep themselves clean to prevent the spread of the disease. Simple cleaning and feeding was the best chance of getting them well and the only chance of keeping the disease from spreading. When you have a virus like this, you don’t need the genius doctor to swoop in and be a hero, you need lots and lots of people on the ground to help.

Even once medicine progressed to the germ theory and the investigation of the spread of disease, it was still about lots and lots of people. You don’t need one genius investigator, you need lots of volunteer reporters tracking the spread and providing the data that lets the investigator track the source. And beyond that you need regular people who are willing to be honest and helpful and track down how it all started.

At the end of this movie, our government official Revathy gives a speech talking about how the victory over the Nipah virus is a tribute to the people of the state who responded and worked hard and helped each other. That is the thesis statement for this film, it’s not about one hero, and it’s not about the breakdown of society, it is about the triumph of society, the victory not the fear.

Image result for revathi virus"

The narrative of the film is complex, but the story is simple. The narrative starts at the end, with the sudden appearance of multiple cases of Nipah all over the city. And then as more and more patients are diagnosed, and the investigators learn more and more details, we flashback to the real “beginning”, a young man finding and touching a fruit bat in the woods. Through out the film we are constantly introduced to new characters as they are brought into the web of the disease, and constantly flash back in time to see new stories. We move in two time periods at once, the “present” when the worst has already happened and is in process and the question is how to react, and the “past” when we see the start.

Remove the narrative back and forth and introduction of new characters, and we are left with a simple story. At a teaching hospital in Kozhide, a patient is brought in with an unidentified illness. Several students and nurses treat him without taking extra precautions. A nurse becomes ill and dies, the patients blood is tested and finally identified as carrying the Nipah virus. The state officials spring into action, talk to the medical professionals and reassure them and encourage them to keep working, and any potential cases are quickly isolated and tested. As the victims are identified, they are isolated as they slowly die. Meanwhile, investigators (Parvathy being the main one, a volunteer investigator) interview friends and relatives and slowly track the source to a single victim, brought into a city hospital and infecting various other patients and friends of patients who were there on that day. The state officials and medical professionals fight a move to quick simple answers, insist on tracking the investigation back until each case is logically accounted for. Finally, thanks to the prompt response of the quarantine, the careful nursing, the anonymous donations and volunteer work of hundreds if not thousands of people, the virus is contained.

There was no miracle cure, there was no “villain”, it was a mindless accident that was defeated by mindful action. That is the story we are seeing. All of these people, with their own flaws and problems, caught up in random chance and doing their best to survive it.

This is an extremely carefully constructed film. We start with Sreenath Bhasi, an average young resident. He is getting married soon but too scared to tell his fellow med student girlfriend. He works hard at the hospital but is easily distracted by trying to talk to his girlfriend Madonna Sebastian. He’s not a bad person but he is certainly no hero. And then Madonna randomly gets sick after fighting with him. She is one of the second wave of victims who start appearing suddenly and indicate the spread of a virus. We jump from her to other sick people, and then to the government teams brought in to investigate, jumping back to Sreenath as part of the medical professionals bulking at working after the first nurse dies, and then away from him again. Aashiq could have started the film anyway, with the first victim, or with the Hero Nurse who died, or with anyone else. But he chose to start with an average non-hero hero who was caught up in the events before he knew what was happening and had to make a choice how to react. Only once we see this average person reacting to events do we move on to see all the other average people responding and rising to the occasion.

Image result for sreenath bhasi virus"

There’s a whole mixture of people rising to the occasion. The actual patients, who face their death with grace. The doctors, who manage to maintain humanity and build a connection to the patients they are caring for (patients dying isolated from their families). And the “fake” patients, that is, the people who develop symptoms and accept without protest the need for quarantine and isolation. And finally the people who don’t work with them directly, who coordinate and plan and do what they can where it is needed.

Halfway through the film, Tovino Thomas, government scientist, is talking to a team of doctors and trying to persuade them to stay and keep working. They say that only a miracle can end this, and Tovino argues that he sees miracles every day. Anonymous donations appearing suddenly, people volunteering to help, all kinds of miracles. If you don’t see them, it is because you are looking in the wrong place. In case we missed it, at the end of the film Revathy as the chief government official repeats the same idea. All of these people were infected and died, because they were trying to help someone. They were all heroes. They gave rides to the hospital, visited friends, or were medical professionals, they were there at the initial site of infection because they were kind. That is heroism, that is the miracle, quiet every day moments of kindness.

There’s one final part of this quiet every day heroism, it can come from people who don’t look or act like “heroes”. Again, we start with a young man who may not act like a hero but kind of looks like one (young, handsome, and a doctor!). And then we leave him. The heroes are Parvathy slowly tracking the source, Revathy overseeing everything as health minister, Poornina Indrajith as the hospital supervisor, bearded scientist Tovino helping the doctors to understand, and on and on. The cast is over 50% female because that is the reality of healthcare. And it is mostly middle-aged and average looking because that is the reality of the world. This is a film that says heroes are every where, and when it is needed, they will appear.

27 thoughts on “Wednesday Malayalam: Virus, Collective Action for Collective Problems

    • Thanks! Like I said, I was watching it while sick, so I know I missed all kinds of things.

      On Wed, Jan 8, 2020 at 10:26 PM dontcallitbollywood wrote:



  1. This movie is especially precious to me because it happened in my hometown. I was so sceptical when Ashiq Abu announced this movie but it turned out way better. The characters of tovino and revathy and Reema and Poornima Indrajith were inspired from their real life counterparts. The only role I felt was not fleshed out to do justice to real life was Rahman as the doctor who made the initial diagnosis.
    In fact after seeing Mission Mangal I was lamenting how Ashiq Abu should have made that movie


    • Yes! Mission Mangal really suffered because the director wasn’t able to make it a film balanced between multiple characters and multiple stories.


  2. The movie had three script writers. Saw an interview of the three writers who mentioned how they divided the work between themselves ,how they worked to tackle the medical jargon & blended the seperate threads together into a single film.I felt like I was listening to a master class in script writing. Of course they had access to all the information cos the government actively supported the making of the movie. That Abu is a known leftist supporter and still didn’t make it a propaganda movie that hailed the government as the saviour is admirable.
    There was a subplot involving the central government officials trying to brand the virus as a bioweapon-this too had actually happened as part of the center’s constant efforts to brand North Kerala as a jihadi hotbed.The shot of Kozhikode city like a deserted town was the newspaper frontpage those days. I think the biggest achievement this movie had was that it humanized the victims whom we see as mere numbers on the news reports (6 ppl died,4 crictical etc).
    The first infected young man is the director of Sudani From Nigeria.


    • How fascinating about the script writers! I saw there were three, but I couldn’t tell if it was a “one person really wrote the script, the other two did dialogues” kind of thing or a real partnership. I wonder if it felt like such a diverse and large story partly because of the three voices in the script? Does that make sense? Like the different characters and scenes really did feel like different characters and scenes because different people were writing them, instead of it all blending together.


  3. And that was per Ashiq Abu’s request apparently.This movie is why I think Ashiq Abu is the best in the country today. He has a very clear vision of the movie he is making & gets the best possible- script,cast, cinematography,music- everything is top class and in perfect measure.


  4. Two things will remain with me for a long time:

    – the fear of bats (and there are so many here in the summer!)
    – Asif Ali’s story, his expressions, sadness, the scene when he lies beside his wife, and suddenly we see him lying in the same position but in the hospital on the white sheets.


    • Thank goodness, minimal bats in Chicago! And anyway, I was already terrified of them in a kind of instinctive way, and now I have a justification for it.

      Same with Asif Ali’s story, it was so affecting.

      On Thu, Jan 9, 2020 at 11:02 AM dontcallitbollywood wrote:



  5. I loved the Sreenath Bhasi – Madonna thread in the movie, also he wasn’t getting married, she was going to (eventually). What I liked was that the young doctors were portrayed as millennials in any other part of the country – and suddenly there’s this big crisis which affects everyone (doctors, laymen) alike. I did feel the whole whodunit feel in the second half was unnecessary, along with the effort to add suspense for such a story.


    • Yes! The doctors weren’t these sacrificing saints at the start, they were just messed up kids figuring out life. And then they had to rise to the occasion.

      I liked the “whodunit” part because, for me, it felt more like just a framework in which we could learn more about the individual patients. Parvathy was solving the mystery, but also serving as our way in to understand who these people were and why they mattered. Of course, I was also sick myself so I might have seen in that way just because I was too confused to follow the mystery angle and was just enjoying the stories individually.


  6. Besides the director and the script writer (who has also directed movies), there were 5 other accomplished directors in the cast itself – Revathy, Dileesh, Soubin,Zakariya and Basil.
    One of the tasks during the interviews were naming them (i still don’t know if there are more)!
    Kunchacko Boban and Sudheesh visiting the index patient’s house carrying their backpacks was so reminiscent of them as youths in Aniyathipravu (going to college)


  7. I tried watching and then half an hour in I paused to look up Nipah virus and then I started hyperventilating and stopped watching. I will try again though, the bit I watched was really good but the whole incurable illness thing freaked me out.

    Have you seen the Malayalam film Traffic? It seems to have a similar feel/premise to this one. I hear it’s really good.


    • I have seen Traffic! And the review has a fun little bonus section where I go into the history of Hyperlink narratives (ooo!). It’s not as good as Virus, simply because Malayalam cinema wasn’t as advanced at that point. It was right at the beginning of this new golden age, simple things like lighting for digital cameras versus traditional hadn’t all been worked out. The script is tight and the performances are good, but if you watch it, be prepared to sort of work through the oddness of the other things:

      On Mon, Jan 13, 2020 at 11:46 AM dontcallitbollywood wrote:



    • Viruses totally freak me out too, to the point where I stopped after twenty minutes (lady on the lawn scene) and waited to watch the full thing until my husband could watch with me. (Did you ever read Wolf Hall? I never really got over how the wife and daughter died, just slipped away so quickly. It must have been kind of like this.) For what it’s worth, the rest of the movie was not what I expected, all unbearable suspense and people falling ill left and right. The focus is much more on the helper characters. It’s OK to finish, I probably could have even done it on my own.


  8. I can see why this film got so much admiration, it’s complex and well done. I do think, though, that the focus on so many stories ended up feeling a little flat to me. I wished certain threads were lifted out and given a bit more emphasis. I understand why we start with the doctors, and why the narrative shifts to the epidemiology team. At that point, though, there are basically two sets of “heroes” – Parvathy and her investigation to determine the origin of each infection (set against the central government representatives looking for terrorists), and the community members who step up to do what needs to be done, at risk to their own safety. In this second group, we have Tovino leading and Joju George as the most fully drawn character. I liked the texture given to Joju George’s life and family, I might have spent less time on Tovino – who is really just there to call out the contributors from the community and organize them – and a bit more time giving Joju side characters to play against, like the scene where he’s turned back from the crematorium and then shares a smoke with his fellow attender against the backdrop of the impromptu pyres they’ve built in a parking lot.

    For Parvathy’s thread, I would have liked a little bit more of an introduction to her character. And at the end when Soubin Shahir’s character comes in, I lost my grip on what she was proving, even though the stakes seemed super high. Was he being painted as a possible terrorist and she proved he was just a garden variety troublemaker who came was exposed by accident? I’m glad her patient and perceptive investigation was given such a prominent place, but that bit at the end stuck out for me, I wasn’t sure how it fit in with the rest. Maybe I’m missing important context.

    The other piece that seems important that I didn’t see clearly that I would have liked maybe one scene is more about the quarantine. We got one conversation at the headquarters about categorizing the kind of contact and tracking all of the people who may have been exposed through the incubation period. That must have been really hard and key to the containment. What did it look like? Were people cooperative? Terrified? We see the families, but that feels almost like involuntary isolation because their neighbors don’t want to go near them. The best moment, to me, showing the negotiation was the decision to allow deep burial instead of cremation out of respect for one family’s beliefs – the conversation and then the funeral, that was a powerful image.

    I know I’m nitpicking, there was a lot of richness, I feel tempted to pull out the parts I wanted to grab onto. I really liked the parallels of Sreenath Basi/Asif Ali and Madonna Sebastian/Darshana Rajendran. The guilt the men carried that turned out to be justified in one case and not in the other. And that scene close to the end where Madonna and Asif walk out into the passageway as the only survivors, and Revathy takes off her mask to go to them, that was gorgeous. As you said, many powerful moments.


    • I totally missed the parallel between Asif Ali and Darshana Rajendran. Thank you for letting me see it. So interesting, both men in this helpless position with nothing they can do to help their loved one, being left to turn inward and blame themselves. And an interesting (and I am sure purposeful) very light connection to both sexually born diseases and pregnancy. Okay, slightly more obvious in Asif Ali’s case. But those times when what a man does without thought can lead to the woman they love carrying the burden of life and death medical issues.

      On Sun, Jan 19, 2020 at 4:57 PM dontcallitbollywood wrote:



    • I’m actually from the place that had the nipah outbreak (no longer live there since the past few years), and I feel the movie did a lot of justice on potraying the place very well. I think overall the operation was very well contained, given that for a district of that population this could be achieved. In general the city is known for hospitality and its really nice people (yes even to strangers), and that is actually well shown in the movie. I agree the movie was complex with many stories, but it all comes together in the end and you feel happy for humans helping out each other.


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